Federal and State courts allow for psychological evaluations to inform the presentencing stage of some court proceedings. The goal of the presentence psychological report is to provide the additional information the court needs before determining a sentence. The psychological evaluation is a means of gaining insight into factors such as the defendant’s history and his medical and mental health needs. The presentence reports are commonly used to present mitigating evidence. Presentence reports and mitigation reports are based on a review records, collateral interviews, and psychological interview and testing of the defendant.
There are several types of presentence reports.